The China Studies Program at Leiden University caters to students seeking a bachelor's degree (BA), master's degree (MA), or doctorate degree (PhD). I teach two types of courses in the program:

Language Acquisition

The first type, Classical Chinese language acquisition, includes these courses:

  • Classical Chinese 1 (BA Level 1)
  • Classical Chinese 2 (BA Level 2)
  • Classical Chinese 3 (BA Level 3)
  • Advanced Readings in Classical Chinese (MA Level)
  • Topical Readings in Classical Chinese (MA Level)

In the first two courses, compulsory for all China Studies majors, students are introduced to the vocabulary and grammar of the classical literary language of China, and familiarized with passages and texts from a wide range of historical periods and literary genres. In these two courses we use my textbook of Classical Chinese. The elective courses at a higher level make students conversant with Classical Chinese texts on a topic of the teacher's choosing, a different topic each academic term.


The sun along the mountains bows;
The Yellow River seawards flows.
You will enjoy a grander sight
By climbing to a greater height.

Poem by Wang Zhihuan
王之渙 (688-742), calligraphy by Chen Peiqiu 陳佩秋 (b. 1922), translation by Xu Yuanchong 許淵沖 (b. 1921).

Lectures and Tutorials

The second type, lectures and tutorials, includes courses on these topics:

  • Chinese History
  • Chinese Culture
  • Chinese Philosophy
  • Chinese Religion

Lower-level courses (BA level 1) are lectures introducing students to the most important Chinese historical periods, people, and events; the most influential Chinese philosophical texts, thinkers, and traditions; and the most prominent Chinese religious beliefs and practices. Intermediate-level courses (BA level 2) are tutorials that deepen students' knowledge in this field. Higher-level courses (BA level 3 and up) focus on specific topics (e.g., ideas about war and peace), one topic per academic term.

Confucius Instructs His Disciples 孔子講學, part of a painting by Guo Defu 郭德福.

More information about these courses is available at the China Studies Program website. In addition to teaching, I also supervise students who are writing their thesis or dissertation.